There are a lot of terms in vaping, some of them you’ll probably be familiar with pretty early on. E-cig, e-liquid, things like that are pretty self explanatory. However, when you go a bit deeper you’ll find a whole raft of new words to learn. We’ll get into all the components of vaping as well as lesser known terms and alternative names for things you’re probably already using.
An atomiser is just another word for your tank, though it can also refer to more advanced options like RDAs (rebuildable dripping atomisers). It’s the part of your vape that holds your e-liquid and coil.
Right underneath your tank, you’ll find your battery. The bit that actually powers your kit, batteries come in a variety of sizes, shapes and often also house a chipset to make your vaping experience safer.
A coil is the all important part in your tank that’s made up of a piece of metal and some wicking material that serves to heat up your e-liquid. It’s the core part of your tank with the wicking (usually cotton, ceramics, flax or wood) absorbing your e-liquid, which is then evaporated when the metal component heats up.
D: DIRECT TO LUNG
This is the style of vaping you use with coils that are less than 1.0ohm in resistance. It’s a much more airy, loose inhale that involves taking a deeper breath from your vape and inhaling directly into the lungs (as the name would suggest).
E: EXTERNAL (BATTERIES)
Like we mentioned earlier, there are a couple of different kinds of batteries. If a mod requires “external” batteries it means you need to put batteries in yourself. Typically these are 18650 batteries or 20700 batteries. Mods with external batteries are usually used for Sub Ohm/direct to lung vaping as they offer a lot more power and longer battery life.
F: FLAVOUR CHASING
Flavour chasing involves setting up your vape in a way that allows you to get the best possible flavour from it. Whether that’s through the kind of e-liquid you’re using, the type of coil setup, how much wattage you’re using and considering your wicking material. Generally, most vapers enjoy a bit of flavour and vapour but this term refers to those who prioritise flavour.
Gauge is the unit of measurement used for how thick a coil wire is. If you’re making your own coils for use on RDAs and RTAs, the lower the number, the thicker the wire. Generally speaking, the thinner the wire the lower the resistance though this does vary depending on the kind of metal wire you’re using.
H: HIGH VG
High VG refers to e-liquids with a vegetable glycerin content of 70% or more, ranging right up to 100% VG. These liquids are used in Sub Ohm kits and are especially wonderful for creating super voluminous clouds of vapour.
I: INTERNAL (BATTERIES)
If you’ve got an internal battery, that essentially means your kit is whole and complete right off the bat. You don’t need to put any external batteries in because the mod you’re using already has a power source built in. These batteries are often slightly less powerful and are most common in starter and intermediate vape kits.
Kanthal is a popular metal type used in coils. It’s great for heating up and cooling down quickly, offering super crisp flavour and is perfect for use in wattage mode (which is the setting most people will vape in).
There’s really only one law we’re talking about here and that’s Ohm’s law. It’s the correlation between voltage, amps and resistance. It’s what defines whether your vape is safe to use or not. Almost all kits will have a chipset that prevents the battery from firing if the coil resistance is too low. Essentially, if your resistance is too low and power too high, that’s when you’ll experience issues like batteries overheating.
M: MOUTH TO LUNG
This is the other style of vaping (the first being direct to lung) and it’s the way most people first use an e-cig. It emulates the style of inhalation you’d use with smoking in that you draw some vapour into your mouth first, then inhale down into your lungs.
Nicotine is massively variable, coming in a huge number of strengths starting at a super low 3mg ranging up to 20mg. There are two kinds of nicotine too. The first is freebase nicotine which is slower to be absorbed but stays in your system for longer. It also gives more of a “throat hit” feeling in higher concentrations. The other is nicotine salts which are absorbed much more quickly and also leave your system a little faster. They offer a much milder throat hit even in the 20mg strength making them a popular option for transitioning smokers with a heavier habit.
The unit of measurement for the resistance of your coil. If it’s more than 1.0hohm it’s considered a “mouth to lung” coil, is more restrictive and made for lower power kits with higher nicotine e-liquids. Coils that are less than 1.0ohm are, as the name would suggest, Sub Ohm coils made for direct to lung vaping with high VG e-liquids and higher wattage.
PG is the acronym for propylene glycol, one of the main ingredients used in e-liquid. It’s flavourless and thin in consistency and serves to carry the flavour of your vape juice. It also gives more of a throat hit than VG. This is why 50:50 (VG:PG ratio) e-liquids are popular amongst transitioning smokers because it replicates the feeling of inhaling from a cigarette.
Q: QUIT (SMOKING)
The reason most people pick up vaping is to quit smoking. With so many kits, e-liquids, nicotine strengths and flavours to choose from, vaping offer that familiar feeling of inhaling and getting a nicotine rush without cigarettes.
This term crops up to describe a mod. Like we said before, most batteries (and mods) will have a chipset in them. This chipset isn’t just there to let you change the wattage, it also makes sure your coil is the right resistance for your wattage output. These mods are called “regulated” because they do just that - regulate output so you can’t make any mistakes. If you press the firing button in “unsafe” settings, it’ll override that command and your batteries won’t be activated.
Vaping, especially with regulated mods, is very safe. Provided you’re looking after your batteries properly and keeping the connections clean and free of e-liquid condensation you’re unlikely to run into any problems. If you want to know more, we’ve got a whole guide relating to vape battery safety if you want to read more.
T: TEMPERATURE CONTROL
Aside from wattage mode, some people prefer to vape with temperature control mode. It helps maintain a consistent level of heat in your coil, meaning less ramp up time as well as less chance of burning your coils.
Unregulated mods are the simplest design you can get but also offer a huge amount of power. Unlike regulated mods, there’s no chipset to stop you firing with too much power and too low a resistance. The battery in your mod connects directly to the base of your tank, so an in depth knowledge of Ohm’s law is needed to use these safely.
VG is the acronym for vegetable glycerin, a main ingredient in vape liquids. It’s thicker than PG, has a slightly sweet taste and is what produces your vapour.
The common way to vape is with variable wattage. Some kits come with fixed wattage output while others have controls allowing you to increase or decrease how much power you use. Essentially, more wattage equals more vapour and a slightly warmer vape.
X: XXX BATTERIES
XXX batteries are a popular option for vapers as they were made with vape mods in mind. Regardless of what size or mAh you want, chances are XXX make one that’ll work in your kit.
Y: YOUR CHOICE
When it comes to vaping, literally everything can be customised or selected to be “just right” for you. From the kind of kit you use, to nicotine strength and variety, flavour and whether you prefer mouth to lung or direct to lung.
If you don’t want to use nicotine at all, or want to use nicotine free e-liquids to dilute another bottle, you can get zero nicotine e-liquids too.
www.vapesuperstore.co.uk contains general information about vaping and vapour products. The information provided is not medical advice, and should not be relied upon unless explicity cited. We do not make any warranties surrounding the health benefits, reliability and accuracy of written copy across all pages on our website, including blog content and content posted on social media.
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